WMMAFC

Calendar 2020

  • 15.02.2020 ” Mix Tournament”, Timisoara, Romania
  • 16.02.2020 ” Cetatea Rodna Cup” Rodna , Romania
  • 01.03.2020 „MMA Championship” Deva, Romania
  • 14.03.2020 „Interclub Championship”, Mosnita, Romania
  • 15.03.2020 „Fight 4, Glory Maieru” Interclub Open Championship
  • 04.04.2020 „Interclub Open Championship” Sebes, Romania
  • 09.04.2020 „Mix Combat 6” Bistrita Romania
  • 9-10.05.2020 „Centura Romaniei” Deva, Romania
  • 23.05.2020 „Romanian Open MMA Championship”
  • 30-31.05.2020 „Romanian Open National Kickboxing Championship”, Baia Mare, Romania

Intercontinental MMA Championship 2019

ON THE OCCASION OF THE

BIRTHDAY OF THE BLESSED PRINCESS

LALLA KHADIJA

  OFFICIAL INVITATION

Dear friends in sport, (presidents, trainers, referees, participants and supportersit‘s a pleasure and an honor for me to be able to welcome all of our members and supporters to this Intercontinental Open Mixed Martial Arts  Championship   here in Morocco, City Agadir.

I would also like to thank our host Mr. Omar Chebali and his team, our Africa WMMAFC Technical Director and  representatives in Morocco, who have worked hard in preparing this tournament.  It is interesting to see how the WMMAFC is getting ever closer and therefore, it is pleasing to see the Intercontinental Open Mixed Martial Arts Championship,  21 – 24 FRBRUARY  2019 once again here in this wonderful and charming country. As many of the nations of the World gather together with their national teams in Morocco, to challenge their peers under the banner of sport to become the best of the best, we can only reflect on how far the WMMAFC & ISKA has progressed on all 6 continents. This is due to the tireless work and effort that has been put in by it‘s members on a day to day basis. The end result being this that you see here before you today.

Sport has no racial, social or political barriers, which means that it is the perfect way for all men and women, boys and girls to achieve amazing results, regardless of race, creed or color. 
The opportunity to represent one‘s country in the name of sport at an international level is probably one of the greatest achievements an individual can make.

The pressure that the competitors have at this level is enormous, and goes far beyond normal physical endurance. To win, especially at such a high level, competitors will have to tap into inner resources that their years of training will have prepared them for.  I hope that the WMMAFC & ISKA can continue to stride forwards with determination and a positive attitude in order to keep ourselves at the center of the stage for martial arts. 
We can only stay on top with the help of our representatives and members such as yourselves, for which I thank you. Hope to see you  this  Year again for the World MMA & Combat Sports Organization in Romania.

Yours in sport

Victor POPESCU

WORLD WMMAFC PRESIDENT

E-Mail: wmmaf@mail.ru ;    Website: www.wmmafc.com

For more information, contact directly the organizer, Mr Omar Chebali, Tel/Whatsapp: +212 661-538892 
E-mail: omarchebali@yahoo.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ochebali

Download the Official Invitation Letter here:

 Kickboxing Rules

WORLD MIXED MARTIAL ARTS CHAMPIONSHIP

AMATEUR – TOURNAMENT RULES

 Kickboxing

© Copyright 2015 (Victor Popescu)

CONTENTS

Introduction:

This Rulebook replaces all previously issued rules. It also reflects the official WMMAFC Amateur Competition Rules.

These current rules are valid for all members. Consideration can be given to local legal requirements and

obligations if required.

The official language of the IRC is English. This Rulebook can be translated in to other languages by the IRC. In

case of any discrepancies, the official English version shall prevail.

Without the specific written consent of either WMMAFC or the IRC, this Rulebook shall not be copied, published or

distributed. This includes electronic, digital, physical or any other duplication forms.

This Rulebook can be ordered free through the official website of the WMMAFC

WORLD MIXED MARTIAL ARTS FIGHTING CHAMPIONSHIP

Rules & Regulations

Dear Reader,

We are very pleased to release the 4.3 version of the Rules & Regulations governing the  World Mixed Martial Arts Championship. This is definitely the most comprehensive Mixed Martial Arts Tournament Rule Book available today, and we are proud to make it available for your use. It was only made possible by the hard work and dedication of individuals from around the globe. In particular we would like to thank all individuals for their special contributions to this addition:

Victor Popescu (RO)

Ghena Flocea (MD)

-Kickboxing

All rules and regulations contained within this document are intended for use at WMMAFC sanctioned events. In this case, they must not be deviated from, except in extraordinary circumstances and with the written permission of the IRC or Chief Referee (Supervisor) of the tournament. The Chief Referee’s interpretation of these rules will be the only interpretation accepted in the event of a query/complaint regarding correct implementation of any rule (IRC).

The World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship Rules and Regulations may also be used for non-sanctioned events. In this instance, we would ask that the promoter or user of these Rules & Regulations include the following line in their promotion “This tournament will be governed by the current Rules and Regulations of the World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship.”

The World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship Movement is constantly evolving. And as we continue to grow our membership and expand our events, our need to revise the Rules and Regulations will continue. Please check back with us periodically to ensure that you have an up to date copy of our Tournament Rules and Regulations.

Yours truly,

Victor Popescu

WMMAFC World President

PART 4

– Kickboxing

ARTICLE 24.

GENERAL KICKBOXING RULES

Divisions:

Gender – Every division will be divided into Male and Female categories.

Age Divisions from 7 to upper 45 years:

(Full contact categories from 15 to not older than 55 years)

Description Age Grouping
Children U10
Youth U14
Junior U18
Adults – 35
Veterans +35
Masters +45

Grade Divisions – Due to the diversification of a mixed martial arts event, the color of a belt, Japanese Kyu ranking or any other grouping may not apply to all. The following guide will serve as the basis for determining the appropriate grade division of an individual. Years of experience will be the common factor for determining a competitor’s eligibility in an event:

Description Martial Arts Years Experience WMAC Belt Colour
Intermediate 1 to 3 years Yellow – Blue
Advanced Over 3 years Red – Brown
Black Belt Varies Black

Weight Divisions

– Weight division will be as outlined in the individual event

Weighing-in

 All contestants will be weighed in.

 The contestant will bring his/her passport/Martial Art License or national photo identification card for members of the host nation to the weighing-in.

 The weighing-in of contestants is handled by the head registrar in collaboration with the arranging and recording group and under the supervision of the members from the Referees/Rules Commission.

 Contests shall be weighed at the time of the official weigh-in. The weighing-in of each contestant shall be completed within an hour. Contestants shall be bare of any clothing or only have their undergarments on when being weighed.

The contestants must bring all sparring equipment to the weigh -in. Their equipment will be inspected and if it is not up to WMMAFC Standards, the contestant will have until the start of their match to replace it with the appropriate WMMAFC approved gear.

 The weighing-in will start from the lighter weight categories. A contestant, whose weight does not conform to the requirements of the category and cannot make weight within the time limit of the weighing-in, shall not be allowed to compete.

  Scoring – Scoring will be as outlined under the individual event (25.16).

ARTICLE 25.

LIGHT CONTACT KICKBOXING

Competition Description

– Light Contact Kickboxing is a controlled contact sport

– Semi Contact. Semi-contact means that the maximum blow would only touch the surface of the clothing or protective equipment with no penetration.

  Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 -25kg, -30kg, -35kg, -40kg, -45kg, -50kg,+50kg
Men U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMMAFC.

  Team Divisions

(Team Fight & Tag Team):

25.2.1.1 Age – Under 10 years, Under 14 years, Under 18 years, Adults, Veterans, Masters
25.2.1.2 Gender – Male Teams and Female Teams , Mixed Teams
25.2.1.3 Weight Divisions – There will be no weight divisions.
25.2.1.4 Number of Competitors – 3 Persons , Mixed Teams 3+1 Person
25.2.1.5 Scoring – Teamfight:
Each member of the teams must spar against the others and the team with the most

points will be declared the winning team. In the case of a tie on points, one member of each team will square off, and the winner of this match will be declared the winning team.

Scoring – Tag-Team:

In one round they can change not more then two times per touch gloves. The rest is the same as Team-fight.

Rules – As per Light Contact Kickboxing Rules. Round time = 1 min.

Uniform

– Competitors must wear a Martial Arts Bottoms with a Martial Arts Top, or T-Shirt. Competitors are not required to wear a belt during their match unless wearing a Traditional Gi. Competitors are not permitted to wear any costume/theatrical dress, mask or other items, including jewellery which is not in keeping with the practice of traditional Martial Arts. Competitors with long hair must to use a plain hair tie. Competitors are not permitted to wear any kind of glasses.

Competition

Area

– The competition area will be as outline in Article 3.3. (Mat 6/6 meters or Ring = upper U18 )

 

Entering & Exiting the Contest Area

– Competitors will be indicated as to the point which they are expected to enter, and may only enter or exit the area at this point.

Before the Competitors begin their match, the Main Referee of the area will check that all Judges and Score Keepers are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction. When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready. At this point they should make their way to their starting positions.

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

Referees/Judges

– The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 2 judges seated at the ring corners and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by a central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match.

The Centre Referee’s Main Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

Safety Equipment:

Male

– Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed). U10/U14 competitors may use 8oz Boxing Gloves and Face Shield.

Female

– Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard. U10/U14 competitors may use 8oz Boxing Gloves and Face Shield.

Safety of Competitors

– It will be the center judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

Time of Matches

– 120 Second (2 minutes) each round

Number of Rounds

– 2 Rounds until the finals – Except U10, U14 (they have only 1 Round). For Finals also 2 rounds in all categories.

Time Outs

– Only the center referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the center referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

Legal Targets

– Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face.

Illegal Targets

– Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist

Legal Techniques:

Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts

Legs – Front Kicks, Round Kicks, Side Kicks, Back Kicks, Hook Kicks, Crescent Kicks, Axe Kicks,

Spinning Kicks, Jump & Jump Spinning Kicks, Sweeps.

Illegal Techniques

– Any Blind Technique, Spinning Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Backfist, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed

Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps.

   Scoring:

All 3 referees scores after the fight with hand signs in the winning corner. The center referee call them “Referee Score”.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target. Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

Uses excessive contact

Uses blind techniques

Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent

Uses illegal techniques

Unsportsmanlike behaviour

Talking during the match

Failing to defend him/herself

Avoiding the match in any way

Turning his/her back to the opponent

Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.

Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)

The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficiently defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.

Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

  Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1. Offical Warning
2. Official Warning & Minus One Point ( 5 strikes for the opponent / clickers)
3. Official Warning & Minus Two Points ( 5 strikes for the opponent / clickers)
4. Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the center referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

ARTICLE 25b.

LIGHT CONTACT KICKBOXING WITH LOW-KICK (KICK-LIGHT)

  Competition Description

– Light Contact Kickboxing is a controlled contact sport

– Semi Contact. Semi- contact means that the maximum blow would only touch the surface of the clothing or protective equipment with no penetration.

    Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 -25kg, -30kg, -35kg, -40kg, -45kg, -50kg,+50kg
Men U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMMAFC.

Uniform

– Competitors must wear a Martial Arts short Trousers with a Martial Arts Top, or T-Shirt. Competitors are not required to wear a belt during their match. Competitors are not permitted to wear any costume/theatrical dress, mask or other items, including jewellery which is not in keeping with the practice of traditional Martial Arts. Competitors with long

hair must to use a plain hair tie.   Competitors are not permitted to         wear any kind of glasses.

Competition Area

– The competition area will be as outline. ( Mat 6 / 6 meters ) or Boxing Ring

Entering & Exiting the Contest Area

– Competitors will be indicated as to the point which they are expected to enter, and may only enter or exit the area at this point.

Before the Competitors begin their match, the Main Referee of the area will check that all Judges and Score Keepers are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction. When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready. At this point they should make their way to their starting positions.

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

Referees/Judges

– The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 2 judges (mat) or 3 judges seated at the ring corners or seated by the site of the ring and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by the central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match.

The Centre

Referee’s Main Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

Safety Equipment:

Male

– Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed).

Female

– Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard.

Safety of Competitors

– It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

Time of Matches

– 120 Second (2 minutes) each round.

Number of Rounds

– 2 Rounds until the finals – Except U10/U14 (they have only 1 Round). For Finals also 2 rounds in all categories.

Time Outs

– Only the center referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the center referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

Legal Targets

– Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face, upper leg = LowKick.

 

Illegal Targets

– Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist (except upper leg).

Legal Techniques:

Hands

Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts and controlled Spinning Backfist

Legs

– Front Kicks, Round Kicks, Side Kicks, Back Kicks, Hook Kicks, Crescent Kicks, Axe Kicks, Spinning Kicks, Jump & Jump Spinning Kicks, Sweeps and controlled LowKicks

  Illegal Techniques

– Any Blind Technique, Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps.

  Scoring:

All 3 referees scores after the fight with hand signs in the winning corner. The center referee call them “Referee Score”.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target.

Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.

Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.

Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.

Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.

Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

  Warnings & Disqualifications

– Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

Uses excessive contact

Uses blind techniques

Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent

Uses illegal techniques

Unsportsmanlike behaviour

Talking during the match

Failing to defend him/herself

Avoiding the match in any way

Turning his/her back to the opponent

 

Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body thee than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.

Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)

The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficiently defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.

Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

25.17.1b Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

Offical Warning

Official Warning & Minus One Point

Official Warning & Minus Two Point

Official Warning  Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

25.18.1b should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

ARTICLE 26.

POINTS SPARRING

Competition Description

– Points Sparring is a controlled contact sport – Semi Contact. Semi- contact means that the maximum blow would only touch the surface of the clothing or protective equipment with no penetration.

Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 -25kg, -30kg, -35kg, -40kg, -45kg, -50kg,+50kg
Men U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U14 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMMAFC.

  Team Divisions (Team Fight & Tag Team):
Age – Under 10 years, Under 14 years, Under 18 years, Adults, Veterans, Masters
Gender – Male Teams and Female Teams , Mixed Teams
Weight Divisions – There will be no weight divisions.
Number of Competitors – 3 Persons , Mixed Teams 3+1 Person
Scoring – Teamfight:
Each member of the teams must spar against the others and the team with the most
points will be declared the winning team.  In the case of a tie on points, one member
of each team will square off, and the winner of this match will be declared the winning
team.
Scoring – Tag-Team:
In one round they can change not more then two times per touch gloves. The rest
is the same as Teamfight.
Rules – As per Light Contact Kickboxing Rules. Round time = 1 min.
Uniform – Competitors must wear a Martial Arts Bottoms with a Martial Arts Top, or T-Shirt.
Competitors are not required to wear a belt during their match unless wearing a Traditional Gi. Competitors
are not permitted to wear any costume/theatrical dress, mask or other items, including jewellery which is not in
keeping with the practice of traditional Martial Arts.  Competitors with long hair must to use a plain hair tie.
Competitors are not permitted to wear any kind of glasses.
Competition Area – The competition area will be as outline in Article 3.3.

  Entering & Exiting the Contest Area – Competitors will be indicated as to the point which they are expected to enter, and may only enter or exit the area at this point.

Before the Competitors begin their match, the Main Referee of the area will check that all Judges and Score Keepers are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction. When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready. At this point they should make their way to their starting positions. Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

26.6       Referees/Judges – The match will be judged on a point stop basis by 2 judges standing at the ring corners in front of the center referee that will award points for scores they see made. The Referee call “Stop” and the judges show him their vote with finger system, it is important that all 3 Referees show immediately after the call stop their votes. The whole match will be overseen by a center Referee who will enforce the rules of the match.

The Centre Referee’s Main Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

26.7       Safety Equipment:

26.7.1 Male – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves or Open Hands Gloves with closed finger, Groin Guard, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed). U10/U14 competitors may use 8oz Boxing Gloves and Face Shield.

26.7.2 Female – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard. U10/U14 competitors may use 8oz Boxing Gloves and Face Shield.

26.8       Safety of Competitors – It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

26.9       Time of matches:

26.9.1   Time per Round – 2 Minutes.  Match will end early if the following occurs:

One competitor accumulates 10 points (except final)

26.10    Number of Rounds – 2 Rounds until the finals – Except U10, U14 (they have only 1 Round). For Finals also 2 rounds in all categories.

26.11    Time Outs – Only the centre referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the centre referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

26.12    Legal Targets – Front of Top of Head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides Of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face, back of Headguard.

26.13   Illegal Targets – top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin,  Anywhere Below the Waist.

12

26.14    Legal Techniques:

26.14.1 Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Backfist.
26.14.2 Legs – Front Kicks, Round Kicks, Side Kicks, Back Kicks, Hook Kicks, Crescent Kicks, Axe
Kicks, Spinning Kicks, Jump & Jump Spinning Kicks, and Sweeps.

26.15    Illegal Techniques – Any Blind Technique, Spinning Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, Upper Cuts, no 360° Sweeps

26.16    Scoring: A Score Is made when a legal technique strikes a legal target providing that the competitor is looking at the target. Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 Point

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

26.17    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

  1. Using excessive contact
  1. Using blind techniques
  1. Creating a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent
  1. Uses illegal techniques
  1. Unsportsmanlike behaviour
  1. Talking during the match
  1. Failing to defend him / herself
  1. Avoiding the match in any way
  1. Turning his/her back to the opponent
  1. Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.
  1. Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)
  1. The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficiently defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.
  1. Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

26.17.1 Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

Offical Warning

Official Warning & Minus One Point (5 strikes for the opponent / clickers)

Official Warning & Minus Two Points (5 strikes for the opponent / clickers)

Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

26.18.1 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

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ARTICLE 27. K1

27.1     Description of this discipline – K1 is a controlled contact sport – full contact means the maximum impact may touch the opponent or the protective equipment – injury must be avoided, the KO the opponent is desired and allowed.

27.2     Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Men U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Women U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
ATTENTION: minimum age: 15 years and confirmation of guardians needed
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg (up to max.55 years)
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg (up to max.55 years)

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMAC. ( Art. 2.3 )

27.3       Uniform – competitors must appropriate short martial arts / kickboxing pants with a top (Women).

Men’s Waist free. It is NOT permitted to wear a belt.

It’s competitors are not allowed to wear costumes / Theatre dresses, masks or other items that are not in line with the practice of kickboxing. Competitors with long hair need to use a simple hair tie. Glasses are not allowed.

27.4         Competition area – is a boxing ring at least 6 by 6 meters (see Article 3.3)

27.5        Entering & Exiting the competition area – competitors will be called where they enter the ring (colored corner) and may do so only at this point.

Before the fighter begins, the Main Referee of the area will check that all the judges and the timekeeper are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction.

When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready.

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

27.6       Referees/Judges – The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 3 judges at the ring seated by the site of the ring and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by the central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match. The Centre Referee’s Main

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Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

27.7       Safety Equipment:

27.7.1 Male – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed).

27.7.2 Female – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard.

27.8       Safety of Competitors – It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

27.9       Time of Matches – 120 Second (2 minutes) each round.

27.10   Number of Rounds – – 2 rounds up to the finals and in the final 3 rounds

27.11    Time Outs – Only the centre referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the centre referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

27.12   Legal Targets – Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face, upper leg = Low Kick

27.13   Illegal Targets – Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist (except upper leg).

27.14    Legal Techniques:

27.14.1 Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts and controlled Spinning Backfist
clinching to 5 seconds allowed only one technique
27.14.2 Legs – Forward foot kick, round kick, Lateral. Kick, reverse kick, hook kick, diagonal kick, Axekick
Turned kicks, jump kicks, cracked turning kicks, foot sweep, Lowkick, stop kick, knee, keeping the
foot with a sequence technique (1-2 seconds) is allowed.

27.15    Illegal Techniques – Any Blind Technique, Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps and any other technique that can be classified as dangerous by the Main referee. No ground contact with other parts of the body except the soles!

27.16     Scoring:

The fight will be for the 10: 9 procedures counted by points list. Each judge wearing all ratings of the Main referee as W = Warning / caution or C = Counting / stall count. The winner of each round gets 10 points, the loser 9.

Knockdown’s as for C must be subtracted 1 point of the result. Also in the warnings. Then all rounds points are added up and the result is compared. The winner will be circled on the points log. Each PP has to be signed. If a fighter 3 times / round for the count or 4 times throughout the fight, the fight must be stopped. Would bring the case of serious hits a health hazard with the referee may stop the fight immediately. The referee may only begin to count

15

when the counterparty is in the neutral corner. It is counted every second. Each partly executed impact of the

measures promoted to the ground or leaves to apparent deterioration in the military behavior is to counten. The count goes from 1-8 then, except where the counted capable of is (gloves in front of face) be fought. Counting to 10 is the end from the fight. Warning after resound the gongs must be ready counted.

The Main referee may well already after the first putting on reasonably Cancel (imminent danger, health etc.). If the injured fighter can be seen in the ring of the Main referee may approve an assessment by the ringside doctor in the neutral corner – but there must be no treatment.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target.

Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

1 point

1 point

Knee to the body

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

27.17    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

  1. Uses excessive contact
  1. Uses blind techniques
  1. Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent
  1. Uses illegal techniques
  1. Unsportsperson like behaviour
  1. Talking during the match
  1. Failing to defend him/herself
  1. Avoiding the match in any way
  1. Turning his/her back to the opponent
  1. Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.
  1. Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)
  1. The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficientl defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.
  1. Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

27.17.1 Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

Offical Warning

Official Warning & Minus One Point

Official Warning & Minus Two Point

Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

27.17.2 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

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ARTICLE 28. THAI BOXING

28.1     Description of this discipline – Thai boxing is a controlled contact sport – full contact means the maximum impact may touch the opponent or the protective equipment – injury must be avoided, the KO the opponent is desired and allowed.

28.2     Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Men U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Women U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
ATTENTION: minimum age: 15 years and confirmation of guardians needed
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg (up to max.55 years)
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg (up to max.55 years)

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMAC. ( Art. 2.3 )

28.3       Uniform – competitors must appropriate short martial arts / kickboxing pants with a top (Women).

Men’s Waist free. It is NOT permitted to wear a belt.

It’s competitors are not allowed to wear costumes / Theatre dresses, masks or other items that are not in line with the practice of kickboxing. Competitors with long hair need to use a simple hair tie. Glasses are not allowed.

28.4     Competition area – is a boxing ring at least 6 by 6 meters (see Article 3.3)

28.5     Entering & Exiting the competition area – competitors will be called where they enter the ring (colored corner) and may do so only at this point.

Before the fighter begins, the Main Referee of the area will check that all the judges and the timekeeper are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction.

When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready.

17

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

28.6       Referees/Judges – The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 3 judges at the ring seated by the site of the ring and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by the central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match. The Centre Referee’s Main

Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

28.7       Safety Equipment:

28.7.1 Male – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed).

28.7.2 Female – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard.

28.8       Safety of Competitors – It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

28.9       Time of Matches – 120 Second (2 minutes) each round.

28.10   Number of Rounds – 2 rounds up to the finals and in the final 3 rounds

28.11    Time Outs – Only the centre referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the centre referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

28.12   Legal Targets – Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face, upper leg = Low Kick

28.13   Illegal Targets – Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist (except upper leg).

28.14    Legal Techniques:

28.14.1 Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts and controlled Spinning Backfist
and elbow strikes to the body. Clinching Allows remains active.
28.14.2 Legs – Forward foot kick, round kick, Lateral. Kick, reverse kick, hook kick, diagonal kick, Axekick
Turned kicks, jump kicks, cracked turning kicks, foot sweep, Lowkick, stop kick, knee, keeping the
foot with a sequence technique (1-2 seconds) is allowed, Flat throws allowed.

28.15    Illegal Techniques – Any Blind Technique, Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps and any other technique that can be classified as dangerous by the Main referee. No ground contact with other parts of the body except the soles!

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28.16   Scoring:

The fight will be for the 10: 9 procedures counted by points list. Each judge wearing all ratings of the Main referee as W = Warning / caution or C = Counting / stall count. The winner of each round gets 10 points, the loser 9.

Knockdown’s as for C must be subtracted 1 point of the result. Also for the warnings. Then all rounds points are added up and the result is compared. The winner will be circled on the points log. Each PP has to be signed. If a fighter 3 times / round for the count or 4 times throughout the fight, the fight must be stopped. Would bring the case of serious hits a health hazard with the referee may stop the fight immediately. The referee may only begin to count

when the counterparty is in the neutral corner. It is counted every second. Each partly executed impact of the

measures promoted to the ground or leaves to apparent deterioration in the military behavior is to counten. The count goes from 1-8 then, except where the counted capable of is (gloves in front of face) be fought. Counting to 10 is the end from the fight. Warning after resound the gongs must be ready counted.

The Main referee may well already after the first putting on reasonably Cancel (imminent danger, health etc.). If the injured fighter can be seen in the ring of the Main referee may approve an assessment by the ringside doctor in the neutral corner – but there must be no treatment.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target.

Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

1 point

1 point

Knee to the body

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

28.17    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

  1. Uses excessive contact
  1. Uses blind techniques
  1. Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent
  1. Uses illegal techniques
  1. Unsportsperson like behaviour
  1. Talking during the match
  1. Failing to defend him/herself
  1. Avoiding the match in any way
  1. Turning his/her back to the opponent
  1. Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.
  1. Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)
  1. The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficientl defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.
  1. Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

28.17.1 Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st            Offical Warning

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2nd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

3rd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

4th

Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

28.17.2 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

ARTICLE 29. FULL CONTACT KICKBOXING

29.1     Description of this discipline – Full contact Kickboxing is a controlled contact sport – full contact means the maximum impact may touch the opponent or the protective equipment – injury must be avoided, the KO the opponent is desired and allowed.

29.2     Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Men U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Women U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
ATTENTION: minimum age: 15 years and confirmation of guardians needed
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg (up to max.55 years)
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg (up to max.55 years)

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMAC. ( Art. 2.3 )

29.3     Uniform – Competitors must wear a Martial Arts Bottoms. Women wear a top or T-shirt. Men’s Waist free. It is NOT permitted to wear a belt.

It’s competitors are not allowed to wear costumes / Theatre dresses, masks or other items that are not in line with the practice of kickboxing. Competitors with long hair need to use a simple hair tie. Glasses are not allowed.

29.4     Competition area – is a boxing ring at least 6 by 6 meters (see Article 3.3)

20

29.5     Entering & Exiting the competition area – competitors will be called where they enter the ring (colored corner) and may do so only at this point.

Before the fighter begins, the Main Referee of the area will check that all the judges and the timekeeper are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction.

When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready.

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

29.6       Referees/Judges – The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 3 judges at the ring seated by the site of the ring and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by the central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match. The Centre Referee’s Main

Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

29.7       Safety Equipment:

29.7.1 Male Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed).

29.7.2 Female – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin Guards, Feet Guards (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard

29.8       Safety of Competitors – It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

29.9       Time of Matches – 120 Second (2 minutes) each round.

29.10   Number of Rounds – – 2 rounds up to the finals and in the final 3 rounds

29.11    Time Outs – Only the centre referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the centre referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

29.12   Legal Targets – Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face.

29.13   Illegal Targets – Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist

29.14    Legal Techniques:

29.14.1 Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts and controlled Spinning Backfist
29.14.2 Legs – Forward foot kick, round kick, Lateral. Kick, reverse kick, hook kick, diagonal kick, Axekick
Turned kicks, jump kicks, cracked turning kicks, foot sweep,

29.15    Illegal Techniques – Any Blind Technique, Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Lowkick, Elbow techniques, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps and any

21

other technique that can be classified as dangerous by the Main referee. No ground contact with other parts of the body except the soles!

29.16   Scoring:

The fight will be for the 10: 9 procedures counted by points list. Each judge wearing all ratings of the Main referee as W = Warning / caution or C = Counting / stall count. The winner of each round gets 10 points, the loser 9.

Knockdown’s as for C must be subtracted 1 point of the result. Also in the warnings. Then all rounds points are added up and the result is compared. The winner will be circled on the points log. Each PP has to be signed. If a fighter 3 times / round for the count or 4 times throughout the fight, the fight must be stopped. Would bring the case of serious hits a health hazard with the referee may stop the fight immediately. The referee may only begin to count

when the counterparty is in the neutral corner. It is counted every second. Each partly executed impact of the

measures promoted to the ground or leaves to apparent deterioration in the military behavior is to counten. The count goes from 1-8 then, except where the counted capable of is (gloves in front of face) be fought. Counting to 10 is the end from the fight. Warning after resound the gongs must be ready counted.

The Main referee may well already after the first putting on reasonably Cancel (imminent danger, health etc.). If the injured fighter can be seen in the ring of the Main referee may approve an assessment by the ringside doctor in the neutral corner – but there must be no treatment.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target.

Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

Knee to the body

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

1 point

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

29.17    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

  1. Uses excessive contact
  1. Uses blind techniques
  1. Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent
  1. Uses illegal techniques
  1. Unsportsperson like behaviour
  1. Talking during the match
  1. Failing to defend him/herself
  1. Avoiding the match in any way
  1. Turning his/her back to the opponent
  1. Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.
  1. Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)
  1. The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficientl defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.
  1. Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

29.17.1 Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st            Offical Warning

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2nd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

3rd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

4th

Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

29.17.2 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

ARTICLE 30. LOWKICK

30.1     Description of this discipline -Lowkick is a controlled contact sport – full contact means the maximum impact may touch the opponent or the protective equipment – injury must be avoided, the KO the opponent is desired and allowed.

30.2     Divisions:

Men/ Women U10 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Men U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
Women U14 NOT allowed (full contact discipline)
ATTENTION: minimum age: 15 years and confirmation of guardians needed
Men U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -55kg,-60kg, -65kg, -70kg, +70kg
Women U18 -40kg, -45kg, -50kg, -60kg, +60kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men +18 -60 kg, -65 kg, -70 kg, -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, -90 kg, +90kg
Women +18 -50 kg, -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg
Men Veterans/ Masters -75 kg, -80 kg, -85 kg, +85kg (up to max.55 years)
Women Veterans/ Masters -55 kg, -60 kg,- 65 kg, +65 kg (up to max.55 years)

Weight divisions may be combined at the discretion of the Supervisor with the approval of the WMAC. ( Art. 2.3 )

30.3       Uniform – competitors must appropriate short martial arts / kickboxing pants with a top (Women).

Men’s Waist free. It is NOT permitted to wear a belt.

It’s competitors are not allowed to wear costumes / Theatre dresses, masks or other items that are not in line with the practice of kickboxing. Competitors with long hair need to use a simple hair tie. Glasses are not allowed.

30.4         Competition area – is a boxing ring at least 6 by 6 meters (see Article 3.3)

30.5        Entering & Exiting the competition area – competitors will be called where they enter the ring (colored corner) and may do so only at this point.

23

Before the fighter begins, the Main Referee of the area will check that all the judges and the timekeeper are ready and that the area is clear of obstruction.

When satisfied that all is in order he/she will raise his/her hand to indicate to the competitors that they should begin when ready.

Before the start of each round, the contestants will bow to each other.

When the result of the match is announced, the contestants exchange their positions. After the announcement, they bow to each other, and bow the judge on the platform with the judge returning the bow. Then the contestants bow to each other’s coaches, and the coaches return the bow. The contestants will then exit at the point designated for existing.

30.6       Referees/Judges – The match will be judged on a continuous basis by 3 judges at the ring seated by the site of the ring and the Center referee in the middle, that will award points for scores they see made. The whole match will be overseen by the central Referee who will enforce the rules of the match. The Centre Referee’s Main

Responsibility Is Safety of the Competitors.

30.7       Safety Equipment:

30.7.1 Male – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Groin Guard, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed).

30.7.2 Female – Head Guard which covers the Top of the Head, Gum Shield, 10 oz Boxing Gloves, Shin and clamping protection (no Kickbox shoes allowed), Chest Guard, Groin Guard.

30.8       Safety of Competitors – It will be the centre judge’s responsibility to ensure safety at all times of competitors. He/She will take the advice of First Aid/Medical Personal present regarding the ability of any competitor to engage in/continue to compete.

30.9       Time of Matches – 120 Second (2 minutes) each round.

30.10   Number of Rounds – – 2 rounds up to the finals and in the final 3 rounds

30.11    Time Outs – Only the centre referee has the right to suspend a match once it has begun. He/She is required to call time whenever there has been an infringement of the rules. At this point, time will be held until the centre referee gives the command to continue. He/She may also call time out at the request of one of the judges, the coach, one of the competitors or another official. However, He/She must not allow the calling of time outs from any individual to adversely affect the outcome of the match.

In the event a competitor fails to present to the competition area with all required safety equipment, they will be given one minute to prepare themselves after which they will be disqualified from the division.

30.12   Legal Targets – Front of top of head, Sides of Head, Front & Sides of Body, Boot to Boot Sweeps, Face, upper leg = Low Kick

30.13   Illegal Targets – Back of Head, Top of Head, Throat, Sides & Back of Neck, Back, Groin, Anywhere Below the Waist (except upper leg).

30.14    Legal Techniques:

30.14.1 Hands – Straight Punches, Hook Punches, Upper Cuts and controlled Spinning Backfist
30.14.2 Legs – Forward foot kick, round kick, Lateral. Kick, reverse kick, hook kick, diagonal kick, Axekick
Turned kicks, jump kicks, cracked turning kicks, foot sweep, Lowkick,

30.15    Illegal Techniques – Any Blind Technique, Backfist, Elbow Strikes, Knee Strikes, Elbow techniques, Knife Hand, Ridge Hand, Spear Hand, Claw Hand, Palm Strikes, Stamps, Wrestling Of Any Sort, Any Other Technique Deemed Dangerous By The Referee & Judges On The Area, no 360° Sweeps and any other technique that can be classified as dangerous by the Main referee. No ground contact with other parts of the

24

body except the soles!

30.16   Scoring:

The fight will be for the 10: 9 procedures counted by points list. Each judge wearing all ratings of the Main referee as W = Warning / caution or C = Counting / stall count. The winner of each round gets 10 points, the loser 9.

Knockdown’s as for C must be subtracted 1 point of the result. Also in the warnings. Then all rounds points are added up and the result is compared. The winner will be circled on the points log. Each PP has to be signed. If a fighter 3 times / round for the count or 4 times throughout the fight, the fight must be stopped. Would bring the case of serious hits a health hazard with the referee may stop the fight immediately. The referee may only begin to count

when the counterparty is in the neutral corner. It is counted every second. Each partly executed impact of the

measures promoted to the ground or leaves to apparent deterioration in the military behavior is to counten. The count goes from 1-8 then, except where the counted capable of is (gloves in front of face) be fought. Counting to 10 is the end from the fight. Warning after resound the gongs must be ready counted.

The Main referee may well already after the first putting on reasonably Cancel (imminent danger, health etc.). If the injured fighter can be seen in the ring of the Main referee may approve an assessment by the ringside doctor in the neutral corner – but there must be no treatment.

A Score Is Made When A Legal Technique Strikes A Legal Target Providing That The Competitor Is Looking At The Target.

Points Scored:

Any punch to a legal target

Kick to legal body target

1 point

1 point

Knee to the body

Jump Kick to legal body target

Kick to legal head target

Jump Kick to legal head target

1 point

2 points

2 points

3 points

  • Techniques must be delivered with control, but with sufficient power in reserve that had it been executed fully it would have been capable of doing damage to the opponent.
  • Techniques must be delivered cleanly – no technique will be scored if it brushes off the opponent, or if it is blocked fully or partially by the opponent.
  • Competitors cannot receive a warning for infringement of the rules and a score.
  • Competitors cannot score unless the technique is delivered with balance.
  • Competitors cannot score from the ground – a competitor will be deemed to be on the ground (downed) if any part of their body other than the soles of their feet is touching the ground.

30.17    Warnings & Disqualifications – Warnings will be issued to any competitor who:

  1. Uses excessive contact
  1. Uses blind techniques
  1. Creates a situation which is dangerous for himself/herself or his/her opponent
  1. Uses illegal techniques
  1. Unsportsperson like behaviour
  1. Talking during the match
  1. Failing to defend him/herself
  1. Avoiding the match in any way
  1. Turning his/her back to the opponent
  1. Strikes a downed opponent – Where any part of the body other than the soles of the feet is touching the ground.
  1. Leaving the competition area (unless pushed out by his/her opponents technique)
  1. The centre referee, in consultation with the judges may disqualify any competitor who is deemed unfit/unable to sufficientl defend him/herself to such a degree as them being in danger of injury.
  1. Any other technique/action which the referee and judges feel warrants a warning.

30.17.1 Warnings will be issued in the follow sequence:

1st            Offical Warning

25

2nd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

3rd

Official Warning & Minus One Point

4th

Official Warning & Disqualification

Depending on the nature of the rules violation, the centre referee may, in consultation with the judges on the area and the Chief Referee for the event, disqualify the competitor on any of the 4 warnings.

30.17.2 Should the competitor be unable to continue as the result of a legal strike that caused injury, they will automatically forfeit the match.

26

AMATEUR – TOURNAMENT RULES

 

WORLD MIXED MARTIAL ARTS FIGHTING CHAMPIONSHIP

AMATEUR – TOURNAMENT RULES

Part 1: General Rules

Part 2: Officiating

© Copyright 2015 (Victor Popescu)

World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship

Introduction:

This Rulebook replaces all previously issued rules. It also reflects the official WMMAFC Amateur Competition Rules. These current rules are valid for all members. Consideration can be given to local legal requirements and obligations if required. The official language of the IRC is English. This Rulebook can be translated in to other languages by

the IRC. In case of any discrepancies, the official English version shall prevail.

Without the specific written consent of either WMMAFC or the IRC, this Rulebook shall not be copied, published or distributed. This includes electronic, digital, physical or any other duplication forms.

This Rulebook can be ordered free through the official website of the WMMAFC.

 

WORLD MARTIAL ARTS COMMITTEE

Rules & Regulations

January, 2017

Dear Reader,

We are very pleased to release the version of the Rules & Regulations governing the World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship. This is definitely the most comprehensive Mixed Martial Arts Tournament Rule Book available today, and we are proud to make it available for your use. It was only made possible by the hard work and dedication of individuals from around the globe. In particular we would like to thank all individuals for their special contributions to this addition:

All rules and regulations contained within this document are intended for use at WMMAFC sanctioned events. In this case, they must not be deviated from, except in extraordinary circumstances and with the written permission of the IRC or Chief Referee (Supervisor) of the tournament. The Chief Referee’s interpretation of these rules will be the only interpretation accepted in the event of a query/complaint regarding correct implementation of any rule (IRC).

The World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship Rules and Regulations may also be used for non-sanctioned events. In this instance, we would ask that the promoter or user of these Rules & Regulations include the following line in their promotion “This tournament will be governed by the current Rules and Regulations of the World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship.”

The World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship Movement is constantly evolving. And as we continue to grow our membership and expand our events, our need to revise the Rules and Regulations will continue. Please check back with us periodically to ensure that you have an up to date copy of our Tournament Rules and Regulations.

Yours truly,

Victor Popescu

WMMAFC World President

 

PART 1

GENERAL RULES

The following are General Rules which are common to all disciplines. Please read and ensure that you fully understand them. By entering any WMMAFC Event, you are accepting the rules as presented in this document, as well as any announced changes on the day of the event.

GENERAL STATEMENT (for more information = official Handbook WMMAFC)

WMMAFC– World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship

WMMAFC is the World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship in Berlin/Germany. The affiliated National – International Federations are members of WMMAFC.

BOD – Board of Directors

The highest instance in the WMMAFC is the board of directors and consists of:
1. President
2. Vice-president
3. Secretary General

4. Chairmen of Directors
5. Chairmen of Rules committee
6. Sports Manager
7. Event Manager

8. Treasurer

IRC – International Rules Committee

The IRC is the International Rules Committee. The IRC consists of the WMMAFC Head Referee plus four appointed international Referees ( minimum 5 Persons ).

The IRC can make alterations or omissions to the existing rules, as well as implement new ones. The IRC can also be used as an arbitrary body in certain cases. The IRC also handles the Referee affairs at larger tournaments. The IRC Members are solely appointed from the WMMAFC BOD (Board of Directors).

ARTICLE 1

COMPETITOR ELIGIBILITY

1.1 World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship events are termed “Amateur” events. In this regard, only those competitors who have retained an amateur status in the particular event/events that they wish to enter may compete. Competitors that can be termed “professional” may not compete in the events in which they earn the majority of their living from. The World World Mixed Martial Arts Fighting Championship considers anyone who does or did earn the majority of their living from the event or related event that they wish to compete in, and or have competed in more than 1 professional bout.

For example, a professional Kickboxer or Wrestler could not compete in WMMAFC Combat divisions however, they could compete in WMMAFC Forms, Breaking or Self-defence divisions or else. If someone is unsure of their status, the National Director for that country may write to the WMMAFC Referee/Rules Committee to obtain an exception or special ruling.

When they don’t fight 12 month in a profi event, they can come back to the amateurs.

All players must be registered by the National WMMAFC Member country they are representing.
The competitors from the International Members must also fight for their Nations.

Citizenship and positive proof of domicile will dictate the country the competitor represents. Documents such as a passport and/or drivers license will be requested. Special circumstances must receive from the Int. Rules Commission (IRC) approval prior to the Events.

All ranks must compete at the age they will be as of the day preceding the first official day of the Competition.

 Each Competitor is responsible for his/her own personal safety. Team Coaches are responsible for the safety of children in their care. Under no circumstances will the Organisers of the Event, Staff, Officials or the Management and Staff of any Venue used in conjunction with any event take responsibility for any illness or injury which may occur during any event. Competitor ors shall attest t o their know ledge of the risk s involved in participating in a mart ial art s tournament by completing the tournament waiver form. Persons less than 18 years of age may only participate if their parent or legal guardian signs on their behalf. No competitor will be permitted to compete without having the tournament waiver form signed and presented prior to the commencement of the tournament. All competitors must have a medical attest, not older then 12 month.

 It is up to the referees and/or judges in each area to enforce the rules, however, it is up to each coach and competitor to ensure that he/she knows and fully understands the rules of the division which he/she is entering and also the risks of injury involved in the division he/she enters. Coach and Referee meetings must held before the competition starts.

By entering any WMMAFC Tournament, you are giving permission for Doping Testing to be carried out on yourself.

 All uniforms should be of the representative country or style. The WMMAFC will not decide what uniform they must wear. The Country name should be embroidered or silk-screened on the back of uniform. It is forbidden to bring on not serious letters about Religion or nationality at the uniform.

Each competitor is responsible for his/her own equipment and props where required (Rubber Knives for Self Defence, Music for Musical Forms, etc.). Under no circumstances will the Organisers of the Event, Staff, Officials or the Management and Staff of any Venue used in conjunction with any event, take responsibility for any loss or damage to any equipment, prop or any personal belongings of any competitor.

Each competitor is responsible for the safety of themselves and others. Where physical contact with others forms part of an event, long fingernails or toenails, if exposed, must be cut or covered.

Jewellery must be removed for all events.

For purposes of identification, a referee may require a player to wear a coloured flag or pennant, which shall be attached to the back of the contestants ranking belt.

Every competitor is expected to behave in a Sportsperson like Fashion. Angry and uncontrolled violent displays of behaviour will not be tolerated. If a referee believes a player is guilty of such an infraction, he or she may call a judge’s conference. Following the conference, a majority vote of all judges will cause the offending player to be disqualified – without refund. Judges will not tolerate undisciplined displays of temper.

1.14 Intentional damage to any facility within the venue related or unrelated to the event is considered an immediate disqualifying offence from all divisions – without refund.

1.15.1 Misrepresentation of information by the National Director, Coaches or Athletes will result in immediate disqualification of the athlete and may result in further penalties against the country officials involved (see official handbook of WMMAFC).

ARTICLE 2.

GENERAL CONTEST FORMAT

The official language of the tournament is English.

Competition shall consist of a 1-day event (except World Games 3-4 days).

In order to establish competition between an odd number of competitors, some may be given an automatic win, this is classified as a „BYE”. The remaining competitors will then compete against each other in the normal manner, this may be double, or single elimination. A bye is established by means of a draw that is done during the first round of matches. If in one division are not 3 people, they must take them in the next higher division – there are no competition without min. 3 persons.

ARTICLE 3.

GENERAL CONTEST AREA

The competition surface must have proper floor matting, with suitable thickness to accommodate throws. Matting and Boxing rings must be laid flat and held secure. Any seams or tears must be covered with suitable tape.

The general mat or boxing ring area must be kept clear of spectators and other non-competitors.

During a match only the two competing players and the match officials may be on the mat.

Unless otherwise stated, the competition area shall consist of three zones covering a total minimum area of 12 x 12 meters square (approximately 39 x 39 feet).

Contest Area – 6 x 6 meters

(Mat 6 x 6 meters & Boxing
Ring/AIBA Norm)

Safety Area – 1 meter wide

Danger Area – 2 meters wide

Contest Area – (Mat and Boxing Ring Area) shall be 6 x 6 meters (approximately 20 x 20 feet). Except for Forms – this Area must be 8 x 8 meters.

Safety Area – shall be a Red colored area, attached and surrounding all four sides of the Contest Area by the width of 1 meter (approximately 3 feet wide).

Danger Area – shall be a controlled area surrounding the Safety area and shall never be less than 2 meters wide (approximately 6 feet wide).

Mat Thickness – Mat thickness for Forms and Sparring Divisions will be minimum 1”.

Grappling Divisions minimum 1” – 2”.

PART 2

OFFICIATING

ARTICLE 4.

SELECTION OF REFEREES, JUDGES AND OFFICIALS

Officiating is considered a prestigious position and therefore all Referees, Judges and Officials must hold the rank of Black Belt or above as issued by a recognized International Martial Arts Association. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services such as Medical Officials. Except Referees with an international WMMAFC Seminar Certification and persons with a five year experience in Martial Arts.

All Referees, Judges and Officials must have completed the WMMAFC Certification Course. Officials must be thoroughly knowledgeable in understanding, interpreting and administrating all aspects of the rules. This can only be accomplished through diligent study of the rulebook and training under actual competition conditions. A certification course and examination will be held the day prior to the Games. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services such as Medical Officials.

Officials shall not be chosen for the WMMAFC based solely on wishes or country equalization.These officials will coopt by their Qualification directly from the Board of Directors.

A “Conflict of Interest” is considered when the duty or responsibility of a Referee, Judge or Official is compromised. All Referees, Judges and Officials must ensure that no “Conflict of Interest” will exist in their participation in a particular event. Where a Competitor, Coach, Referee, Judge or Official, believes there may be a “Conflict of Interest” situation, the person with whom the conflict exists must either withdraw from the event or seek the ruling and decision of the Chief Referee. If the decision of the Chief Referee is requested, the Chief Referee will ensure that the incident and resolution is recorded on the event scorecard. (Example, Referees and Competitor from the same nation: Result must be one Referee from each Competitor-Countries and one neutral Referee or only Referees from a difficult Country)

The Chief Referee will be voted in at the WMMAFC BoD meeting prior to the world championships. One nomination will be accepted from each country. This must be an Supervisor with A1 Licence. At any time during the tournament the Chief Referee, in his or her wisdom may reject officials who do not meet these criteria without recourse for protest or debate.

The highest Instance for all Referees is the IRC. The Referee licence in WMMAFC are International Chief Referee (Supervisor) = A1, Int. Referees (A/B/C) and national Referees and Judges (D/E). The national Referees and Judges can not be a center Referee in an International Tournament (World Games).

ARTICLE 5.

OFFICIALS

WMMAFC National Directors, or WMMAFC BOD, should also sit at the head table for the administering of decisions and policy. BOD Members can also be considered for positions as Referees or Judges.

Medical personnel shall be available at all times, easily recognizable and attainable in one location only.

Official dress for all referees, judges and the officials will be chosen by the Rules and approved by the WMMAFC BoD prior to the event. (Black WMMAFC Shirt and blue tie)

The number of Referees, Judges required for an event, will be addressed in the Article covering the

individual event.
Referee Licenses:
Judge
J Junior License judge for national events (U10, U14), has to be 16 years old
At the age of 18 the license turns into an E license
E National judge for national events
D National judge for national and international events
C International judge for national and international events
incl. local / national title and international titles
B International judge for all events, incl. European and Intercontinental title
A International judge for all events, World title
Referee
E National referee for national events
D National referee for national & international events
C International referee for national and international events
incl. local / national title and international titles
B International referee for all events, incl. European and Intercontinental title
A International referee for all events, World title
A 1 International Supervisor the highest license in the WMMAFC.

International Judge and Referee:

Minimum age 18 years, membership of a federation representing the WMMAFC, completion of a seminar, basic English language skills and the National D license Award and validity of licenses:

The national licenses J, E and D are awarded by the national Head referee and the NRC (National Rules Committee) by means of a majority decision and after a positive test at the end of a competition training course and are valid for a period of 1 year . They can be extended after positive application and participation in further courses.

The International C and B license is nominated by the International IRC Head referee and is awarded by means of a majority decision by the IRC „international rules committee” for 3 years after a positively concluded international competitor seminar.

The A license is only nominated by the IRC only by a majority, but it must be nominated by a member of the IRC and is also valid for 3 years.

The A1 Supervisor license is nominated by the IRC but has to be confirmed by an unanimous decision since it is the highest license at WMMAFC. This also applies for 3 years and must be renewed afterwards.

All campers must extend their licenses with the appropriate Referee seminars on a timely basis.

 Training of Campaigners:

The training of the National Campaigners for the J, E and D licenses are carried out by members of the NRC in national competitor seminars.

The training of the International Campaigners for the C, B and A licenses are carried out by members of the IRC in international competitor seminars. If necessary, however, campers with the A and A1 license can also be included in the training as a learner.

Minimum Commitment of a Referee

National Referee: minimum 2 commitments per year, as well attending a referee seminar once a year

International Referee: minimum 3 commitments per year, as well attending a international referee

seminar every 3 years.

ATTENTION:

An Upgrade for your license can be done only after referee seminars!

ARTICLE 6.

GENERAL DUTIES OF THE REFEREE

The Referee is charged with the supervision of the match and his or her prime goal is the safety of the players. The Referee administers and controls the tempo of the contest, enforces the rules and insures fair play.

 The Referee starts and stops the match, counts the time when a hold is taken, calls penalty decisions, administers the voting of the judges, communicates clearly with the scorekeeper and timekeeper and announces the winner of each match. The Referee shall announce in a loud clear voice, all official decisions, and shall indicate with voice and gestures, the player affected by his or her decisions.

 Only the Referee may call a time out, which maybe for any of the following reasons:

 To allow equipment adjustment
 To administer voting among the judges
 To award points, assess penalties and administer warnings
 To return contestants to the center, neutral area of the ring
To attend an injured player
To hear a legal protest

ARTICLE 7.

GENERAL CALLS BY THE REFEREE

 Commence the round – After the Referee has confirmed that the players, judges, scorekeeper and timekeeper are all ready, he or she shall call “BEGIN” or “FIGHT” to start the time and the contest.

 End of round – Upon completion of each round, the Referee calls “STOP” to halt the match and returns the players to the center of the mat. Scoring = the Referee show’s her votes with hand

signs and awards the win to the appropriate player.

Infraction – The referee stops the contest and give the competitor witch made the Mistake a warning or a minus Point. The Referee can also stop the Contest, speak with the side-referees to make a decision. For this situation he make a break = Time Out!

 Player out of bounds – When a player is out of bounds the Referee calls “STOP – EXIT” to hold the match and returns the players to the contest area and then starts again.

A Judge can not base his or her scoring, if a competitor is out of bounds. Attention: he must be with both feets out of bounds. Then he can not make a Score. If he is only with one foot out – he can score with his hands and the other competitor can score him legal.

 Time-out – When voting on all penalty calls, the Referee must call “TIME-OUT”.

 Excessive Force – If there is not a majority vote by the judges on excessive force, the Referee may issue a warning on his or her own.

 Judges majority – The Referee may not under any circumstances overrule a “MAJORITY” of judges for any cause or condition.

 Scoring Signs

Point sparing = see the Pictures on 12.3 and the Referee Seminar documents

Continuous sparing and Kick-Light = see the Referee Seminar documents.

ARTICLE 8.

GENERAL DUTIES OF THE JUDGES

 Certification – All judges are required to be certified in the event that they are judging. 

 Restrictive Movements – Judges are required to limit their motions to their respective areas of the ring.

 Conflict of Interest – Because of the nature of this duty, all Judges must ensure that no conflict of interest exists. In these instances all Judges must follow the procedure outlines Failure to do so may result in future disqualification.

ARTICLE 9.

POINTS AWARDED BY JUDGES

 Each Judge is to award points based on their own observations and should not be swayed by the actions or voices of others. The only exception is following an instruction from a Referee. Points must awarded in accordance with the criteria for each event.

ARTICLE 10. DUTIES OF THE TIMEKEEPER

 The timekeeper shall be seated adjacent to the playing area and shall stop and start time according to the Referee’s or Head Judge’s signal to do so. The timekeeper, may by a verbal and visual signal (such as a bean bag or suitable substitute) thrown into the center of the mat area, inform the Referee when time has run out, or when he or she has received a formal protest from the Chief Referee, or his or her designate (Scoreboards with acoustic signal).

Time runs out officially only when the judges and players have been verbally informed of the fact by the Referee (only the Doctor or the Supervisor can stop the fight).

ARTICLE 11.

DUTIES OF THE SCOREKEEPER

The scorekeeper shall record all scores and penalties awarded to players, as instructed by the Referee or Head Judge.

Wins, loses and rounds are scored by the Scorekeeper

Wins only decide the winner

 Rounds are tallied and kept to break a tie should it occur

 The scorekeeper will call up each player before a match, including those already on deck.

The scorekeeper must have at the table all required score sheets, hand counters, stopwatches and scoreboards digital.

The scorekeeper must provide a method of visual scoring to inform the Referee, judges and players of the score.

ARTICLE 12.

STANDARDISATION OF VERBAL CALLS BY OFFICIALS

Referee:
”Begin” or “Fight” – To start the competition and the timekeeper’s clock
“STOP” – To stop the competition
“Hold down” – A hold down has commenced
“Exit” – To indicate the competitors are out of bounds
“Score” – To request a show judge’s gestics (points)
“Time Out” – To stop the timekeeper’s clock
“Time” – To begin the timekeeper’s clock
“Fight” – To begin after a stoppage
“Break” – To stop the fight shortly and step one step back and fight again

 Judges:

“Stop/Score” – To signal the Referee to stop the match and give the votes Official Dresscode:

For all Referees and Judges = black classic shirt (WMMAFC Emblem in the back or on the front) blue tie and black trousers.

 Officials’ gestic signals, Example Pointsparing (see referee seminar):

Scoring „Pointsparing“:

Seen

nothing!

Show

NO Rating!

= seen, but not counted!

ONE Show TWO
Ratings, they

Rating can be difference!

ARTICLE 13.

DISPUTES AND GRIEVANCES

 Informal Grievance Procedures

Should the need arise to make a complaint on the day of an event regarding the implementation of the rules, or with regard to any official on any area the following is the only method of informal complaint which will be accepted.

Attract the attention of the main referee/judge on the area.

He/She will suspend the match and call for the Chief Referee (Supervisor)

 Explain calmly and clearly the nature of the complaint.

Await the Chief Referees decision.

 The Chief Referees decision will be final.

 Only the registered National Head Coach may initiate a complaint.

 The protest costs 100 USD/ 100 EUR.

 Formal Grievance Procedures

Formal Grievances will lead to an investigation by the WMMAFC Committee into the Grievance, and will only be accepted when given in Written Form to the Chief Referee or Supervisor at the Event accompanied by the names and contact details of all witness to the event and with a fee of €100.00 or its equivalent in the respective currency of the WMMAFC Rules committee. If the claim is substantiated, the €100.00 will be returned.

ARTICLE 14.

WEIGHT DIVISIONS / CLASSES

OFFICIAL WEIGHT CLASSES OF ALL AMATEUR KICKBOXING/COMBAT DISCIPLINES OF WORLD MIXED MARTIAL ARTS FIGHTING CHAMPIONSHIP ( WMMAFC )

U10 Kids U14 Juniors U18 Cadets +18 Adults +35 Veterans +45 Masters
(6-9 years) (10-13 years) (14-17 years) (18-34 years) (35-44 years) (+45 – Open)

Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female

-25 -25 -40 -40 -40 -40 -60 -50 -75 -55 -75 -55

-30 -30 -45 -45 -45 -45 -65 -55 -80 -60 -80 -60

-35 -35 -50 -50 -50 -50 -70 -60 -85 -65 -85 -65

-40 -40 -55 -55 -55 -55 -75 -65 +85 +65 +85 +65

-45 -45 -60 -60 -60 -60 -80 +65

-50 -50 -65 +60 -65 +60 -85

+50 +50 -70 -70 -90

+70 +70 +90

The WMMAFC Amateur Weight Divisions have a weight tolerance of “0” kg / pounds.

Except: Children Division have a tolerance of 1 kg (Kids U10). All others have no Tolerance!

If the Competitors have a different weight upper the limit the Supervisor have 2 decisions to do:

 He cancels the Fight and set the Fighter/Athlete in a new weight division. He must pay a second Starting-Fee.

He gives him the Starting-Fee back and put him out of the Tournament.

OFFICIAL WEIGHT CLASSES OF ALL PROFESSIONAL KICKBOXING/COMBAT DISCIPLINES OF WMMAFC

The WMMAFC Professional Weight Divisions have a weight tolerance of “0” kg / pounds.

Except: If the Fighter has a different weight upper the limit the Supervisor have 2 decisions to do.

He cancels the Fight and set a new date.

He gives a “non official weight agreement” (NOWA)

NOWA: that means that the Supervisor can give more tolerance out. (max.3kg/6,6lb it belongs to the weight class !) The Competitor which have more weight have to pay money for this Situation. He must pay for each 0,1kg/15€ maximum 450€ – this money goes to the Opponent and to the Federation (50%). If both Competitors have the wrong weight. The money must be paid directly before the Fight goes on.

Male (15 – 55 years)

Weight class name

Flyweight

Super Flyweight

Bantamweight

Super
Bantamweight

Featherweight

Super

Featherweight

Lightweight

Super Lightweight

Welterweight

Super Welterweight

Middleweight

Super Middleweight

Light Heavyweight

Super Light
Heavyweight

Cruiserweight

Super

Cruiserweight Heavyweight Super Heavyweight

Upper limit

in kilograms in pounds
(kg) (lb)

50.5 /111.3

52 /114.6

53.5/117.9

55.5 /122.4

57 /125.7

59 /130.1

61.5/ 135.6
63.5/ 140

67 /147.7

70 /154.3

72.5/ 159.8

76 /167.6

79/ 174.2

83.2/ 183.4

85.9 /189.4

90 /198.4

95 /209.4

No weight limit

Female (15 – 55 years)
Weight class Upper limit
in kilograms
in pounds
name
(kg) (lb)

Lightweight 50/ 110.7
Welterweight 55 /121.3
Middleweight 60 /132.3
Light 65 /143.3
Heavyweight

Heavyweight No weight limit

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About W.S.F.

Word Special Force  – WSF

Department

World Executive Protection Center

We educate, we train, we recruit our best students and we provide worldwide high class of Executive Protection Services.

1

„alone we can do so little; together we can do so much”

The World Special Forces (W.F.S.) is the only legitimately registered nonprofit department by World MMA & All Combat Sports Organisation and seeking to further this particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in this profession, and the public interest.

As a group of people in a learned occupation we are entrusted with ensuring the legitimate practice of the occupation and to protect the public by upholding and maintaining standards of training and ethics in our profession.

Our Principles

  • Discretion – we promise our clients total discretion and confidentiality.

  • Integrity – we offer our clients high standard service maintaining honesty and integrity at all times.

  • Professionalism – we provide our clients with thorough, high standard and professional security with accordance to their specific needs.

  • Excellence – our team consists of highly professional and experienced members that served and trained in special force units both in the army, police and  international professional bodyguards – they are committed to outstanding performance.

 

Our Management

The W.F.S.  is represented by internationally adept specialists and we stake our reputation on their ability to deliver bespoke security solutions, and where required, training programmers to a wide range of organisations and individuals in both the private and public sectors operating worldwide.

Our Affiliated Partners

To achieve this goal we work in tandem with our Affiliated Partners, each a specialist organisation in its own right and renowned for the outstanding reputation for providing excellent service.

Our Team

Our core tactical specialization comes from all country of Soviet Union, Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Australia elite military units, special law enforcement units and corporate security.

Our team members are highly trained and experienced in defense, shooting and mixed martial arts. They have years of active and reserve duty, graduates of the Soviet Union, Europe, America, Asia, Africa, Australia Police and Military Special Forces, and S.W.A.T team members. Furthermore, they are reserve members in the Special Forces team and belong to the Elite W.S.F. Units. They participated in numerous security-related assignments.

Our instructors continue to do their reserve duty in their respective combat units, which allows them to maintain an edge in their training skills. Because our instructors have served in high-risk combat environments, W.S.F.  can provide its clients with the most current and up-to-date operational methods for high-level security professionals, military and law enforcement. Our techniques are continually being tried and tested in the field and our methods are constantly being upgraded.

Our training security courses are based on the Tactical Training System (TTS), integrating an up-to-date tactical approach of military, law enforcement and security operations and the relevant transition in use of force adaptation in the hostile environment of today.

Through TTS training, we provide tactical education that is geared towards advancing the military, security and law enforcement operatives to enhance enforcement capabilities. Our security courses are derived through reality-based situations and provide theses agencies with an effective training policy and rapid tactical readiness of their area of expertise.

W.S.F. recognizes the need for individualistic training preferences of our clients and therefore works with each client to develop a custom training curriculum based on their training needs and objectives.

Our team are veterans of the industry; they are more than a bunch of chaps who just tick the boxes and, they really do know how to teach and are committed to delivering high quality bespoke service based on trust and mutual understanding.

We envisage that through collaborating with industry stakeholders at all levels we will influence the general trends in industry and achieve the aim of developing a superior workforce for the Security Industry.

We are constantly exploring the impact that new legislation, working practices and changes to society may have on the sectors we represent. By effectively communicating key issues, developing new products and services, we believe we are able to provide the resources needed to effectively develop this workforce.

Bodyguard

A bodyguard (or close protection officer) is a type of security guard or government law enforcement officer or soldier who protects a person or people — usually high-ranking public officials or officers, wealthy people, and celebrities — from danger: generally theftassaultkidnappingassassinationharassment, loss of confidential information, threats, or other criminal offences. The group of personnel who protect a VIP are often referred to as the VIP’s security detail.

Most important public figures such as heads of stateheads of government, and governors are protected by several bodyguards or by a team of bodyguards from an agency, security forces, or police forces. In most countries where the Head of state is and have always been also their military leader, the leader’s bodyguards have traditionally been Royal GuardsRepublican Guards and other elite military units. Less-important public figures, or those with lower risk profiles, may be accompanied by a single bodyguard who doubles as a driver. A number of high-profile celebrities and CEOs also use bodyguards. In some countries or regions (e.g., in Latin America), wealthy people may have a bodyguard when they travel. In some cases, the security personnel utilize a bulletproof vehicle, which protects them and the VIP.

Roles

The role of bodyguards is often misunderstood by the public, because the typical layperson’s only exposure to body-guarding is usually in highly dramatized action film depictions of the profession, in which bodyguards are depicted in firefights with attackers. In contrast to the exciting lifestyle depicted on the film screen, the role of a real-life bodyguard is much more mundane: it consists mainly of planning routes, pre-searching rooms and buildings where the client will be visiting, researching the background of people that will have contact with the client, searching vehicles, and attentively escorting the client on their day-to-day activities.

Breakdown of responsibilities

The role of a bodyguard depends on several factors. First, it depends on the role of a given bodyguard in a close protection team. A bodyguard can be a driver-bodyguard, a close-protection officer (who escorts the client), or part of an ancillary unit that provides support such as IED detection, electronic „bug” detection, counter-sniper monitoring, pre-searches facilities, and background-checks people who will have contact with the client. Second, the role of a bodyguard depends on the level of risk that the client faces. A bodyguard protecting a client at high risk of assassination will be focusing on very different roles (e.g., checking cars for IED devices, bombs, watching for potential shooters, etc.) than a bodyguard escorting a celebrity who is being stalked by aggressive tabloid photographers (e.g., the role will be to ask the photographers to maintain their distance and block the path of aggressive cameramen). Some bodyguards specialize in the close quarter protection of children of VIPs, to protect them from kidnapping or assassination.

Driving

In some cases, bodyguards also drive their clients. Normally, it is not sufficient for a client to be protected by a single driver-bodyguard, because this would mean that the bodyguard would have to leave the car unattended when they escort the client on foot. If the car is left unattended, this can lead to several risks: an explosive device may be attached to the car; an electronic „bug” may be attached to the car; the car may be sabotaged; or city parking officials may simply tow away the vehicle or place a wheel clamp on the tire. If parking services tow away or disable the car, then the bodyguard cannot use the car to escape with the client in case there is a security threat while the client is at his or her meeting.

The driver should be trained in evasive driving techniques, such as executing short-radius turns to change the direction of the vehicle, high-speed cornering, and so on. The car used by the client will typically be a large sedan with a low center of gravity and a powerful engine, such as a JaguarBMW or Mercedes Benz. In some countries, large trucks such as Suburbans are used for VIPs. At a minimum, the vehicle should have ballistic glass in the windows, some type of armor reinforcement to protect the client from gunfire, and a foam-filled gas tank. „Run-flat tires” (which have either extremely stiff sidewalls or a resilient filler to allow driving a limited distance while flat, usually at reduced speed, without permanent damage or hazard) and armor protection for the driver are also desirable.

The car may also be equipped with an additional battery; dual foot-pedal controls, such as those used by driving instruction companies (in case the driver is wounded or incapacitated), a PA system with a microphone and a megaphone mounted on the outside of the car, so that the driver can give commands to other convoy vehicles or bodyguards who are on foot; fire extinguishers inside the vehicle in case the vehicle is struck by a Molotov cocktail bomb or other weapon; a reinforced front and rear bumper, to enable the driver to ram attacking vehicles; and additional mirrors, to give the driver a better field of view. In Latin American countries many armored cars will come with a siren and lights to use in situations were they need to get out of places quickly. Decoy convoys and vehicles are used to prevent tailing. In the event the convoy holding the client is compromised and ambushed, decoy convoys can also act as a reinforcement force that can ambush a force that is attacking the primary convoy. Some clients rotate between residences in different cities when attending public events or meetings to prevent being tailed home or to a private location.

Weapons and weapon tactics

Depending on the laws in a bodyguard’s jurisdiction and on which type of agency or security service they are in, bodyguards may be unarmed, armed with a less-lethal weapon such as a pepper spray, an expandable baton, or a Taser (or a similar type stun gun), or with a lethal weapon such as a handgun, or, in the case of a government bodyguard for a Secret Service-type agency, a machine pistol.

 Some bodyguards such as those protecting high ranking government officials or those operating in high risk environments such as war zones may carry sub-machine guns or assault rifles.

 The bodyguard is armed with an AR-15, a 5.56 mm, magazine-fed, semi-automatic rifle.

In addition to these weapons, a bodyguard team may also have more specialist weapons to aid them in maintaining the safety of their principal, such as sniper rifles and anti-material rifles (for anti-sniper protection) or shotguns (either loaded with buckshot as an anti-personnel weapon or with solid slugs as an anti-vehicle weapon).

Bin Laden‘s personal security detail consisted of „bodyguards…personally selected by him.” Their „arsenal included SAM-7 and Stinger missilesAK-47s, RPGs, and PK machine guns (similar to an M60).

Bodyguards that protect high-risk principals may wear body armor such as kevlar or ceramic vests. The bodyguards may also have other ballistic shields, such as kevlar-reinforced briefcases or clipboards which, while appearing innocuous, can be used to protect the principal. The principal may also wear body armor in high-risk situations.

Counter-sniper weapons and tactics

For a close protection officer, the primary tactic against sniper attacks is defensive: avoid exposing the principal to the risk of being fired upon. This means that the principal should ideally be within an armored vehicle or a secure structure. As well, when the principal moves between a vehicle and a building, the principal must be moved quickly to minimize the time window in which a sniper could take a shot and use a flanking escort of close protection officers to block the view of the sniper and any potential shot that the sniper may take. The use of offensive tactics against snipers will occur very rarely in a bodyguard context, because it is very difficult for bodyguards to attempt to locate and fire back at a distant, concealed, orcamouflaged sniper, even if the security detail has a carbine rifle or scoped sniper rifle in the trunk of the car.

Daily tasks

A bodyguard team protecting a high-profile politician who is at risk of attack would be based around escorting the client from a secure residence (e.g., an embassy) to the different meetings and other activities he has to attend during the day (whether professional or social), and then to escort the client back to his residence.

close protection and including the legal aspects of bodyguarding (e.g., use of force, use of deadly force); how to escort clients; driving; searching facilities and vehicles, and so on.

Planning and assigning responsibilities

The day would begin with a meeting of the bodyguard team led by the team leader. The team would review the different activities that the client plans to do during the day, and discuss how the team would undertake the different transportation, escorting, and monitoring tasks. During the day, the client (or „principal”) may have to travel by car, train, and plane and attend a variety of functions, including meetings and invitations for meals at restaurants, and do personal activities such as recreation and errands.

Over the day, the client will be exposed to a range of risk levels, ranging from higher risk (meeting and greeting members of the public at an outdoor rally) to low risk (dining at an exclusive, gated country club with high security).

Some planning for the day would have begun on previous days. Once the itinerary is known, one or more bodyguards would travel the route to the venues, to check the roads for unexpected changes (road work, detours, closed lanes) and to check the venue. The venue needs to be checked for bugs and the security of the facility (exits, entrances) needs to be inspected. As well, the bodyguards will want to know the names of the staff who will have contact with the client, so that a simple electronic background check can be run on these individuals. Bodyguards often have training in firearms tactics, unarmed combat, tactical driving, and first aid. In multi-agent units (like those protecting a head of state) one or more bodyguards may have training in specific tasks, such as providing a protective escort, crowd screening and control, or searching for explosives or electronic surveillancedevices („bugs”). Bodyguards also learn how to work with other security personnel to conduct threat or risk assessment and analyze potential security weaknesses.

Bodyguards learn how to examine a premises or venue before their clients arrive, to determine where the exits and entrances are, find potential security weaknesses, and meet the staff (so that a would-be attacker cannot pose as a staff member). As well, some bodyguards learn how to do research to be aware of potential threats to their client, by doing a thorough assessment of the threats facing the principal, such as a protest by a radical group or the release from custody of person who is a known threat. Close protection officers also learn how to escort a client in potentially threatening situations such as crowds that become unruly.

The militaries in many countries offer close protection training for the members of their own armed forces who have been selected to work as bodyguards to officers or heads of state. As well, there are a number of private bodyguard training programs, which offer training in all aspects of

Searching vehicles

An hour prior to leaving with the client to his first appointment, the driver-bodyguard and another bodyguard remove the cars that will be used to transport the client from the locked garage and inspect them. There may be only one car for a lower risk client. A higher risk client will have additional cars to form a protective convoy of vehicles that can flank the client’s vehicle. The vehicles are inspected before leaving.

Transferring client to vehicle

Once the cars have been inspected and they are deemed to be ready for use, they are brought into position near the exit door where the client will leave the secure building. At least one driver-bodyguard stays with the cars while waiting, because the now-searched cars cannot be left unattended. If the convoy is left unattended, an attacker could attach an IED or sabotage one or more of the cars. Then the bodyguard team flanks the client as he moves from the secure residence to his car.

Travelling

A bodyguard team conducting a vehicle ambush drill.

The convoy then moves out towards the destination. The team will have chosen a route or two and in some cases it may involve three routes that are designated for travel along, which avoids the most dangerous „choke points”, such as one-lane bridges or tunnels, because these routes have no way of escape and they are more vulnerable to ambush. A SWAT magazine article states that when the author was serving as security detail, „where we had Beretta 92s [fully automatic machine pistols], we would try to grab at least one 93R 20-round mag to carry as a spare for breaking ambushes. In some cases, if the client has to travel by train, the bodyguards will inspect the rail car they are traveling in and the other cars he/she will use. Traveling on foot to a destination is very dangerous because of the lack of cover and control over the environment.

Arrival at destination

When the convoy arrives at the location, one or more bodyguards will exit first to confirm that the location is secure and that the staff who were booked to work that day are the ones who are present. If the location is secure, these bodyguards signal that it is safe to bring in the client. The client is escorted into the building using a flanking procedure. If the client is attending a private meeting inside the building, and the building itself is secure (controlled entrances) the client will not need to have a bodyguard escort in the building. The bodyguards can then pull back to monitor his or her safety from a further distance. Bodyguards could monitor entrances and exits and the driver-bodyguard watches the cars.

If the client is moving about in a fairly controlled environment such as a private golf course, which has limited entrances and exits, the security detail may drop down to one or two bodyguards, with the other bodyguards monitoring the entrances to the facility, the cars, and remaining in contact with the bodyguards escorting the client. Throughout the day, as the client goes about his activities, the number of bodyguards escorting the client will increase or decrease according to the level of risk.

Return to secure location

After the day’s activities, the client will be brought back to the secure residence location. Exiting from the vehicle and walking to the door exposes the client to risk, so the distance is kept as short as possible to cut down the time it takes to reach the door. Once the client is inside, the bodyguards assigned to the overnight detail will take up their positions outside or inside the residence. The vehicles are then parked in a locked garage (to prevent tampering, sabotage, or IED placement). Some team members may spend additional time doing maintenance on the equipment used by the team. The TL (team leader) will ensure that all equipment is checked and packed away for the next day and ensure the radios are being charged for the next day’s operation.

Job requirements

Bodyguards often work long shifts in order to provide 24-hour protection, and shifts often include eveningsweekends, and holidays. Since bodyguards follow their clients throughout their daily activities, the work locations may range from indoor office meetings or social events to outdoor rallies or concerts. Bodyguards often have to travel by carmotorcycletrain, and airplane to escort their client. In some cases, international travel is required, which means that a bodyguard must have appropriate travel documentation.

Bodyguards often have backgrounds in the armed forcespolice or security services, although this is not required. The exception to this is in the case of bodyguards protecting heads of state; in some countries, these bodyguards must be trained in military bodyguard training programs. Military experience in foot patrol and convoys escort through urban areas in conflict or war as in

AfghanistanIraqWest BankNorthern IrelandBeirutBasque country, and other areas under non conventional enemy stress around civilians is highly considered and difficult to match with any training time though, usually those experienced do not always seek these careers or further exposure in less stressful circumstances but familiar environments.

Bodyguards must be physically fit, with good eyesight and hearing, and they need to have a presentable appearance, especially for close protection work for dignitaries and heads of state. A driver’s license is usually required, so that the bodyguard can double as a driver. In the United Kingdom and some other countries, bodyguards have to have a license or certification with the SIA, which involves identity and criminal record checks. To be a bodyguard in an agency protecting a head of state, a bodyguard will have to undergo extensive background and loyalty checks.

Bodyguards need to be observant, and retain their focus on their job, despite distractions such as fatigue. As well, they need to be able to work as member of a team, with assigned tasks, or be able to act independently, and adapt and improvise an appropriate response if the need arises. Bodyguards need to be able to recognize potentially dangerous situations and remain calm under pressure. A bodyguard has to have a strong dedication to their protective role. Since bodyguards often have to collaborate or coordinate their protection with other security forces, such as local police other private security guards, bodyguards need good interpersonal and communications skills. Since bodyguards accompany their client throughout their day, the bodyguard will be privy to the private life of the client, which means that a bodyguard has to show discretion and maintain confidentiality.

Training

Bodyguards often have training in firearms tactics, unarmed combat, tactical driving, and first aid. In multi-agent units (like those protecting a head of state) one or more bodyguards may have training in specific tasks, such as providing a protective escort, crowd screening and control, or searching for explosives or electronic surveillance devices („bugs”). Bodyguards also learn how to work with other security personnel to conduct threat or risk assessment and analyze potential security weaknesses

Bodyguards learn how to examine a premises or venue before their clients arrive, to determine where the exits and entrances are, find potential security weaknesses, and meet the staff (so that a would-be attacker cannot pose as a staff member). As well, some bodyguards learn how to do research to be aware of potential threats to their client, by doing a thorough assessment of the threats facing the principal, such as a protest by a radical group or the release from custody of person who is a known threat. Close protection officers also learn how to escort a client in potentially threatening situations.

The militaries in many countries offer close protection training for the members of their own armed forces who have been selected to work as bodyguards to officers or heads of state. As well, there are a number of private bodyguard training programs, which offer training in all aspects of close protection and including the legal aspects of bodyguarding (e.g., use of force, use of deadly force); how to escort clients; driving; searching facilities and vehicles, and so on.

Within the industry is regulated via the Security Industry Authority and requires an individual to obtain a level 3 vocational training qualification in addition to a first aid certificate prior to a license being issued. Most firms will also request this even if operations are outside.

Notable organizations

In countries where the head of state is a military leader or dictator, the leader’s bodyguards may also be part of an elite military unit. Such was the case with the Somatophylakes in MacedonSchutzstaffel in Nazi Germany, the former Iraqi Special Republican Guard, or the Praetorian Guard in the Roman EmpireVarangians of the Byzantine Empire, or the Housecarls of the English Monarchs.

In India, VIPs are protected by National Security Guards (NSG), an organization under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The protection of the Prime Minister and some other important persons is entrusted with the Special Protection Group (SPG). SPG was formed as a specialized unit in the protection of Prime Minister and his family members, after the assassination of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, in 1984. Former Prime Ministers also get the protection of SPG for a period of 5 years, after stepping down from the post. The President of India is also protected by SPG while the President’s Bodyguards, which is a mechanized regiment of Indian Army, has now a largely ceremonial role. Persons with lower threat level are given security cover by Delhi police in the Capitol and respective state police forces elsewhere.

In Pakistan, the President and Prime Minister receive close protection teams from the military’s elite Special Service Group unit. President Pervez Musharraf, as civilian head of state, was due to have this withdrawn after retiring as Chief of Army Staff, but the Pakistan Army has retained his close protection unit.

In Turkey, there are two main services, tasked with close protection. The Prime Minister of Turkey is protected by the Karşı Saldırı Timi’nde (KST), an elite counterattack team, a subunit of the Office for Protection of the Prime Minister (Başbakanlık Koruma Dairesi Başkanlığı). The Office for Protection of the PM is itself a service of the General Directorate of Security (Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü), the civil police force of Turkey. The President is closely protected by the Cumhurbaskanligi Muhafiz Alayi, the 2 500-strong Presidential Guard Regiment of the Turkish Army, subordinated to the 4th Army Corps. It consists of specially selected personnel and is charged with the duty of protecting the President (and members of his family), security of the Presidential palaces and also the manning of the Turkish President’s mode of transport (e.g., pilots for TC-ANA, the presidential plane etc.).

In the United States Secret Service safeguards the lives of the President, his family, and other executive officials, including former presidents and vice-presidents. Another agency, the State Department‘s Bureau of Diplomatic Security, is responsible for protecting U.S. missions and their personnel overseas, as well as selected dignitaries in the U.S., including the Ambassador to the United Nations, the Secretary of State, and visiting foreign dignitaries other than heads of state. While the Secret Service’s close-protection role is its most visible, its historic role as agents of the United States Treasury (although they are now agents of the Department of Homeland Security) made it unusual internationally, as usually „official” bodyguards are part of general police forces.

In the UK during 1913-1914 the suffragette movement did protests in an attempt to change the UK law so that women would be able to vote. After suffragette leaders were threatened, activists formed an all-female close protection unit to protect the leaders of the Women’s Social and Political Union both from harassment by the general public and from arrest under the so-called Cat and Mouse Act. In the modern UK, Royalty and Diplomatic Protection Department of the Metropolitan Police is responsible for the security of the Sovereign.

In the Vaticanthe Pope and other senior Vatican officials are protected by Swiss GuardsSwiss mercenary soldiers who act as bodyguards, ceremonial guards, and palace guards. After the May 13, 1981 assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehmet Ali Ağca, the guards were given enhanced training in unarmed combat and firearm use. The pope’s chief bodyguard is the Inspector General of theCorps of Gendarmerie of Vatican City.

In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, most bodyguards are former or current police officers, or sometimes former military or other government agency personnel.

In fiction

Novels and stories

The brave and fiercely protective bodyguard who is willing to die to protect his master has long been depicted in fiction. The character of the Scottish hero Quentin Durward appears in stories as the bodyguard of the King of France. The character Charles d’Artagnan appears in stories as the bodyguard of the French Crown. The character Atticus Kodiak is a professional bodyguard who acts as narrator and protagonist in a series of novels by Greg Rucka. Bodyguards also appear in Usagi YojimboStan Sakai‘s anthropomorphicrabbitsamurai based upon Miyamoto Musashi and in the Artemis Fowl series of children’s books.

Films and television

Bodyguards are also depicted in a number of films and television programs. In an episode of Star Trek: TOS entitled “Mirror, Mirror”, Captain Kirk and his landing party are exchanged with their counterparts from a savage parallel universe. Aboard the Imperial Enterprise, junior officers conspire to assassinate senior officers as a means of advancing in rank. Therefore, the Imperial Kirk is shadowed by a number of (presumably very well paid) security officers loyal only to him. He refers to these men as his “personal guard”.

Japanese director Akira Kurosawa‘s film Yojimbo depicts a samurai bodyguard in Japan. The Bodyguard is a film about a bodyguard who protects a celebrity singer. Gogo Yubari is O-Ren Ishii’s bodyguard in the film Kill Bill: Volume 1. In the science-fiction/fantasy Star Wars films, MagnaGuards are General Grievous‘s bodyguards. Being a body guard is also a duty performed on special occasions by the Jedi Knights. In the film Lord of War, the main character’s brother protects him while he makes arms deals in war-torn countries.

In the 1980 motion picture My Bodyguard, high school student Clifford Peache (Chris Makepeace) is bullied by Melvin Moody (Matt Dillon). Clifford asks school outcast Ricky Linderman (Adam Baldwin) to be his bodyguard. In the action comedy film Shanghai Noon martial arts star Jackie Chan plays the role of an Imperial Guard of China on a mission to America to help rescue a princess.

In the film Man on Fire, John Creasy (Denzel Washington) is a burnt-out ex-CIA officer and counter-insurgency operative who grudgingly becomes the bodyguard of a young girl (played by Dakota Fanning). When kidnappers attempt to snatch the girl, Creasy is severely wounded in a gun battle. The film depicts his perseverance in attempting to continue to protect the girl despite his gunshot wounds, until he becomes unconscious. When he recovers, he goes on a revenge rampage in Mexico City.

Several films have been made about the Secret Service’s role in guarding the President of the U.S., such as In the Line of Fire and The Sentinel. Bodyguards are also depicted in television shows, comics, and other media. Bodyguard is a Japanese television series starring Reiko Takashima. In the UK, Bodyguards was a late 1990s British television series about a specialized Close Protection Group that protected members of the UK government.

On the E! television series The Royals (2015–present), HRH Prince Liam Henstridge (William Moseley) is protected by Marcus Jeffrys (Ukweli Roach), his no-nonsense bodyguard and confidante. Moreover, Liam’s sister, HRH Princess Eleanor Henstridge (Alexandra Park) is protected by bodyguard Jasper Frost (Tom Austen) – who is also blackmailing her for sex and having an affair with HRH Queen Helena Henstridge (Elizabeth Hurley) on the side.

Video games

 
 
 

In the Mortal Kombat fighting game series, Sheeva is the personal protector of SindelSuki is a Japanese manga about a relationship between a teenage girl and a 32-year-old bodyguard. In the 2009 videogame Grand Theft Auto: The Ballad of Gay Tony, the main character Luis Fernando Lopez works as a bodyguard for the nightclub owner Anthony „Gay Tony” Prince. In the 2012 video game „Dishonored”, the player takes the role of Corvo Attano, a bodyguard of Empress Jessamine Kaldwin and get framed for her murder. In the 2011-2012 video game „Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings”, the player takes the role of Geralt of Rivia, a professional monster slayer who begins the story a reluctant bodyguard of King Foltest of Temeria.Comics and graphic novels

The Human Target is an American comic book and television series about a bodyguard who also works as a private detective who impersonates his principal to draw his would be murderer’s attention. The 2015 graphic novel trilogy Suffrajitsu: Mrs. Pankhurst’s Amazons features a team of suffragette bodyguards inspired by the real-life close-protection team who protected the leaders of the radical women’s suffrage movement from arrest and assault.

Instructor Licensing

WORLD SPECIAL FORCES
DEPARTMENT
OFFICIAL W.F.S. WORLD INSTRUCTOR LICENSING
23.09.2018
NAME
PRE NAME
SEX
CONTINENT
COUNTRY
LAST SEMINAR
DOB
Expire Date
COCERVA 
Petru
M
Europe
MDA
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
27.04.1972
27.08.2020
CHIRITA
Gheorghe
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
10.01.1970
27.08.2018
HAMILTON 
Robert Don
M
Europe
UK
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
21.08.1986
27.08.2021
TOADER
Relu
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
16.05.1970
27.08.2018
TRINCA
Traian-Tiberiu
M
Europe
RO
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
20.10.1974
27.08.2020
FLOREAN
Paul
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
27.09.1975
27.08.2020
DUMAN 
Ionut-Adrian
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
08.01.1992
27.08.2021
DINU
Marius
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
18.03.1997
27.08.2021
CIUMAC 
Anatolie
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
19.05.1974
27.08.2021
RADOI
Marius
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
27.03.1989
27.08.2021
MILOS 
Georgel-Florin
M
Europe
ROM
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
01.01.1980
27.08.2018
MURAT
Kemer
M
Europe
TUR
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
15.04.81
27.08.2020
NAZAROV
Pulod
M
Asia
TJK
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
06.10.71
27.08.2020
YURII
GORBENKO
M
Europe
UKR
Bulgaria, 28.08.2017
12.11.87
 27.08.2020
IRC – International rules committee
Chairman
Mr. Victor
POPESCU
Romania
Member
Mrs. Vanessa 
PASCAL 
Irland
Member
Mr. Mohamed
DESSOUKI
Egypt
Member
Mr. Adrian 
MULLER
Germany
Member
Mr. Cevin 
WILLIAMS
UK
Member
Mr. Henry 
ANDERSON
Niederland
Member
Mr. Vasile 
VASILEVSCHI
Russia
Member
Mr. Oleg 
BOICHENKO
Niederland
Member
Mr. Gela
KAISHAURII
Georgia
Member
Mr. Arsen
VARTANIAN
Armenia
Member
Mr. Trohin 
ALEXANDRU
Moldova
Member
Mr. Grigore 
POSTICA
Moldova
Member
Mr. Genadie 
GUMENKO
Moldova
Member
Mr. Cara 
VASILE
Moldova
Member
Mr. Siffu 
WONG
China
Member
Mr. Rafael 
LOPEZ
Spain
Member
Mr. Vittorio 
AMBROZZO
Italy
Member
Mr. Soke Anthony 
Baptista Fernandes
India