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Elite Shoot Boxing (Sanda)

12247995_917051321682966_2780662652426393129_oElite Shoot Boxing (Sanda)
 
Combat Shoot Fight is a discipline which allows the highest expression of martial art in a sporting fight where k.o.is admitted.
 
1)  COMPETITION  AREA
Matches of shoot boxing are held on a ring like those used in kick boxing, preferably with four ropes, out of which there are the jury board and the three chairs of the side judges. The floor must be a mat and in any case it should be properly padded.In exceptional cases class B fights can be held on square kick jitsu type tatami. In this case the use of a head guard  is mandatory. Moreover it is possible to use the MMA cage.
 
 
2) UNIFORMS   AND  EQUIPMENT
Combat Shoot Fight Competitors shall wear boxing gloves, headgear and chest protectors designated by the Competition and use their own gum shields and cup protectors (under their trunks). Competitors’ wear and protective gear shall be either red or blue.

The Class A fighters do not wear shin guards . Women must wear a chest protector. The fighting safety equipment must be of an approved type and will be inspected by the competition jury.Mouth guard should be properly placed and it is not allowed to fight with open mouth.
 
3)  DURATION  OF  MATCH
Fights last from a minimum of 2 rounds of 3 minutes each to a maximum of 6 rounds of 3 minutes each, the pause being in any case of 1 minute, according to the athlete’ s class and to the kind of championship at stake :
Class B eliminatory and finals fight in a tournament     2  x  3′
Class A  eliminatory and finals fight in a tournament     3  x  3′   
 National Title Fight                 4  x  3′
 European Title Fight                 5  x  3′
 World Title Fight                    6  x  3′
 
4)  LEGAL  TARGETS
It is allowed to hit the whole body with the exception of spine,  nape, throat and groin, with punches, kicks, shin techniques, knee techniques.
( As regards the knees, they can hit only the body in B class ).It is not allowed to hit the ‘opponent on the ground and it is forbidden to hit while you are on the ground.
The athlete who has even a hand or a knee in contact with the carpet is considered to be in ground position.
 
5)  THROWS
It is allowed to seize, hold and throw opponents in every way but not during finalization. Besides it is allowed to hit while seizing or being seized. It is not allowed to project  the opponent knocking him on the neck head first or causing him to fall on his knees.It is not allowed to hurl the antagonist beyond the ropes.
A “take-down” is considered any way one is able to carry or push the opponent to the ground either falling on the opponent or remaining standing. A “take-down” is considered valid any way in which the opponent winds up on the ground, even due to his/her own fault.
It is forbidden to hold on to the ropes.If after a throw, the athlete is unable to return promptly to fight, the referee is counting up to 8, and subsequently if the athlete is unable to continue-he is declared “out of action” as in case of a normal KO.
 
 
6)  IMMOBILIZATION
It’s allowed to block the opponent on the mat in any manner, but only the combatant who gains a position of advantage will obtain points.  It is allowed to do locks and chokes both to keep up the immobilization and to obtain the surrender. In case of surrender the match ends with the win due to abandonment. However if the referee stops the match because he thinks there is a dangerous situation, a count is made. Referee stops fight after 5″ clinch situation on ground.
Vantage points are given based primarily on the position of the opponent, except for the rear mount which is still considered advantageous position. The Referee ascertains the stability of the position (after about 5 seconds), signals the hold with his arm stretched out and counts out loud in order to be heard by the athletes up to 5 which coincides with the stop and then assigns the points .If during the counts the situation is reversed  or the fighter escapes the lock the referee stops the fight  and raises the athletes ordering them to stand up. However if during the count  the fighter applying the lock changes to another kind of lock without loosing his advantage  the count continues. If at the end of the 5 second count, after the award of the points, the athlete is unable to promptly resume fighting  the referee continues to count up to 8 and subsequently if the fighter is still unable to continue the “KO” is declared.
 
7) SUBMISSION

In Shoot boxing finalization by choking, strangling ,compression and arm bars is allowed. Submission ends the fight. Fighter can not use his hands to attack his opponent’s face. The referee may stop a pending submission if he considers it dangerous for the athlete. This will result in the deduction of 1 point from the score of the athlete who underwent submission. In case of loss of mouth guard during ground fighting the Referee does not stop the fighting. The Referee will have it replaced at the end of  the ground fighting phase.
Ripping (violently applied) joint locks are not allowed. They should always be executed progressively. It is not allowed to apply submission techniques to fingers.

8)  SCORING
 
At the end of each round the side judges give 10 points to the better fighter and 9 points to his opponent ( 8 if there has been a remarkable gap ). Then they subtract the points owing to penalties and counts, marking the total score on the “round” column. At the end of the match the result will be given by the sum of the points obtained in each round. In case of equal  points in an elimination tournament the judge must give his preference.
The winner is declared by a majority of verdicts.
It is allowed to file a claim which must be submitted in writing immediately after the match to the chairman followed by the pertinent fee.
 
 
9) REFEREE
 
The central referee supervises the bout, he is the first to enter the ring. Referee starts the fighting with the word ” fight “, stops it with the word ” stop ” or parts the  fighters in a prolonged clinch with the word ” break “, at the utterance of which, after a step backward, the fight automatically begins again. He signals the projection with his uplifted arm and the immobilization with his horizontally stretched arm, while counting aloud, close enough to the fighters as to be clearly heard up to 5 seconds, before stopping the match and giving the immobilization points. If the referee sees a dangerous situation he can interrupt the count and in this case, the immobilization without delay. If at the end of the  5 seconds count after the award of the points the athlete is unable to promptly resume fighting  the referee continues to count up to 10 as in the case of the usual   knock – down. The same thing happens after a projection, starting this time the count from 1. The central referee can at any time count the fighter who is supposed to be in trouble, or declare the defeat due to evident superiority. In case of injury he must consult the doctor. He can ask the timekeeper to interrupt the time and  stops the fight if after a projection, an immobilization does not immediately follow or if there is a reverse of the situation while the count has already begun. The Referee immediately stops the count during immobilization if he thinks the athlete is in danger.
 
 
10)  JUDGE
 
The side judge evaluates techniques, combinations, number of blows hitting the target, efficacy,  projections and  immobilization. He fills in every part of the scoring paper.
 
11) JURY
 
The jury consists of the timer keeper who stops the time only at the central referee’ s request and signals the ” seconds out ” 10 seconds before the beginning of each round, the ring announcer, the commissioner who is the ultimate authority for the entire competition, the ringside doctor whose duty is to decide if an injured fighter can continue to fight or not. His decision is indisputable.
 
 
12) POINTS
 
For each round award of the points is based on the following scoring criteria:
Throw taking both legs off the ground……………………………………….         3
Throw             …………………………………………………………….    2
Take down   ……………………………………………………………………..1
Immobilization ……………………………………………………………….    1           
Side immobilization……………………………………………………………..  2
Immobilization over the body (“mounting and rear mounting“)……….     ………….     3
 
Punch………………………………………………………….  1
Kick to the leg…………………………………………………..1
Kick to the body………………………………………………….2
Kick to the head………………………………………………….3
Great efficacy of the technique …………………………………………………………       1            
Knee kick to the body…………………………………………………………………………1                                      
Knee kick to the head…………………………………………………………………………2
                          
Count……………………………………………………………..one point less on the final score
 
                                    
 
13) WEIGHT  CATEGORIES
 
Men:           Kg. 52, 57, 61 , 66, 70, 77, 84, 93, 105 over 105
Women:         Kg. 45, 47, 50, 52, 57, 61, 66, 77, 84, 93 over 93
 
The minimum age is 18 ( 16 with the written permission of parents )
 
 
14) EXIT FROM THE FIGHTING AREA

In case both athletes go out of the competition area thus compelling  the referee to stop the fight the referee has the following choice of making decisions:
A: One of the two athletes is mounted in a lateral position.  In this case the referee takes the fight to the center of the ring in a lateral mount position or full mount. In both cases the one above puts his hands on the ground on the side of the opponent’s body and the one below  girds the opponent’s waist.
B: None of the athletes had achieved  the lateral mount position or full mount. In this case the fight is resumed in standing position.
C: One of the two athletes had a pending finalization. The referee assigns a point less (on final score) to the athlete who suffered the risk of the finalization and the fight is resumed in standing position.
 

15) INJURIES

In the event of the injury due to the foul technique the injured fighter has  3 minutes  to  try to recover and decide whether to continue the fight subject to the discretion of the ringside doctor.

16) CLINCH

The “clinch” is a stalemate, both fighters standing or in  ground position during approximately 5 seconds without any actions on the part of one of the  fighters (or both of them) in an attempt  to turn the fight to his/her advantage. Please note that clinch might be also an attempt to reach the time limit of the fight without trying to achieve submission of the opponent.
 

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